The Scientific Committee (SC) is established by Article 10 of the SPRFMO Convention and has the following functions:
- to plan, conduct and review scientific assessments of the status of fishery resources;
- to provide advice to the Commission based on such assessments (including precautionary and other reference points) and management strategies;
- to provide advice and recommendations to the Commission and its subsidiary bodies on the impact of fishing on the marine ecosystems (including on vulnerable marine ecosystems, VMEs);
- to encourage and promote cooperation in scientific research.